vm - Email viewer
mail-check - Check for new email
stop-mail-check - Disable the check for new email
mail - Compose and send an email
vm is a simple email manager, it is configured to send and receive emails using the user-setup(3) Mail dialog.
mail-check tests the size of this incoming mail box, a non-zero length indicates that new mail has arrived and mail-check informs the user by inserting a 'M' in the mode-line (2nd character for the left) and ringing the system bell. mail-check uses create-callback(2) to check for new mail every 10 minutes, this can be disabled by executing stop-mail-check.
When vm is executed it checks for new mail, if found it first copies the new mail to a file called "new_mail" in the users mail directory. The incoming box is then emptied by truncating the file to zero length. The users main mail box is then loaded and the new mail (if any) is appended. The mail box is then processed after which 2 windows are created the bottom window listing all messages in the box and the top displaying the current message.
vm is capable of:
Use the vm help page (bound to "esc h") for further information.
vm supports two types of embedded data, uuencode and mime encoding and uses ipipe-shell-command(2) to extract the data, the commanding to use must be supplied by the user using the setup dialog, which can contain the following special tokens:
If no command line is supplied then the embedded data is written to the user supplied file name as a text file in the form found in the mail message.
mail can be used to compose and send an email, it can insert embedded data in a similar way to vm's data extraction, the following special tokens can be used:
mail also uses ipipe-shell-command to send the mail message, the following special tokens can be used:
Any field not used in the command-line is left at the head of the mail message.
The following command-line can be used on most UNIX systems to extract uuencoded data:
rm -f %o ; uudecode %i ; rm -f %i
The following command-line can be used on most UNIX systems to extract mime encoded data:
rm -f /tmp/%b ; metamail -B -d -q -w -x -z %i ; mv -f /tmp/%b %o
The following command-line can be used on most UNIX systems to uuencode a data file ready for it to be embedded, the original file is not changed:
uuencode %b < %i > %o
The following command-line can be used on most UNIX systems to send an email:
/usr/lib/sendmail -oi -oem -odi -t < %o
Typically the cygwin(1) utilities can be used for data insertion and extraction. These have the advantage of being very similar to the unix ones so only minor changes are required, i.e. try the following for data insertion and mime & uuencode extraction respectively:
del %o ^ uudecode %i ^ del %i del c:\tmp\%b ^ metamail -B -d -q -w -x -z %i ^ move c:\tmp\%b %o uuencode %b < %i > %o
This assumes that the shell you are using supports the '^' multiple commands on a single line feature, this is supported by 4dos(1) and 4nt(1). If your shell does not support this feature a simple batch file command could be used instead.
postie(1) is a freely available pop3/smpt e-mail support program, available on the net, which can be used to provide a fully working vm on windows systems. As it is typically used in a dial-up connect environment, the user-setup 'Queue Outgoing Mail' option will be enabled while the 'Check Mail' and 'VM Gets Mail' will be disabled. This ensures that a connection is only made when the vm 'g' command is used which sets all queued outgoing mail and gets any incoming mail.
The following command-line can be used to get mail from your pop server using postie:
postie -host:pop-mail-addr -user:user-addr -pass:password -file:inbox "-sep:From root Mon Jan 11 20:02:02 1999" -raw -rm
Where the inbox is the 'Incoming Mail Box' file specified in user-setup. The -sep option is used to partition each mail message from the previous message, this string is used as it is in a unix standard form so the resulting mail box could be understood by unix mail systems such as netscape etc.
NOTE: The -rm option is used to remove the incoming mail messages from the server. It is strongly recommended that the system is thoroughly tested without this option first.
The following command-line can be used to send mail to your smtp server using postie:
postie -host:smtp-mail-addr "-from:user@mail-addr" -use_mime:0 "-to:%t" "-s:%s" "-cc:%c" "-file:%o"
blat(1) is another freely available windows program which can be used to send mail with the following command-line:
blat %o -f %f -s \"%s\" -t \"%t\" -c \"%c\"
vm is a macro defined in vm.emf, mail-check, stop-mail-check and mail are macros defined in mail.emf.
vm has only been tested in a couple of environments, the author will not except any responsibility for any loss of data, i.e. use at your own peril. You have been warned! Back-up all data files and test vm THOROUGHLY before using it.
Copyright (c) 1998-2006 JASSPA
Last Modified: 2004/02/22
Generated On: 2006/10/07